Trim artichoke bottoms and a few outer leaves, leaving most of the leaf points tipped for the star-effect. Cook the artichokes in a large pot of boiling water with lemon juice, 15-20 minutes. Cool upside down then remove center leaves and fibrous choke.
In a small skillet, melt anchovies into EVOO over medium heat. Add garlic and stir to combine then add breadcrumbs. Work oil and garlic into the breadcrumbs and toast to deep golden brown. Add pepper and parsley, and remove from heat. Stir in cheese.
Arrange artichokes in a casserole or baking dish. Add enough water to barely coat the bottom of the dish. Spoon stuffing into each leaf – when the artichoke is fully stuffed it will look like a giant star.